This Tree Beautifully Reveals The Relationships Between Languages

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For reasons both poetic and pragmatic, the tree has historically been the designer’s go-to inspiration for mapping relationships. In the graphic below, Finish-Swedish illustrator Minna Sundberg artfully uses this format to trace the world’s largest language families.

All of the languages illustrated here stem from subcategories of either Indo-European or Uralic origin, and upon closer inspection many fascinating links are revealed.

One of the most surprising relationships is how distinct Finnish is from the other Scandinavian languages that share Germanic roots — a distinction that Sundberg seized upon with a separate Nordic-language comparison chart, which you can view here.

Johannes Gutenberg is widely credited with making books easier to produce and thus changing society by making ideas easier to share, but as you will learn from the following videos Gutenberg merely industrialized one part of the complex and intricate process of making a book.

Over the past few months the good folks over at How to Make Everything have posted a series of videos that show how you can use modern tech to make each of the historical parts of a book.

Starting with pounding papyrus into a sheet, the videos show us how to make paper, hemp, cotton, and wood pulp; how to make a pencil, brush, quill pen, and ink; how to tan and cut a hide for the cover, and finally how to bind the book.

(via Making a Book from Scratch is More Work Than You Think (video) | The Digital Reader)